IEA: Oil 2019: Analysis and forecasts to 2024 - Executive summary - eng (pdf) Избранное

Понедельник, 11 марта 2019 12:00

The United States will lead oil-supply growth over the next six years, thanks to the incredible strength of its shale industry, triggering a rapid transformation of global oil markets. By 2024, the United States will export more oil than Russia and will close in on Saudi Arabia – a pivotal milestone that will bring greater diversity of supply in markets.

Meanwhile product markets are on the eve of one of the biggest shakeups ever seen, with the implementation of the International Maritime Organisation’s new rules governing bunker fuel quality in 2020. Although the shipping and refining industries have had several years notice, there have been fears of shortfalls when the rules come into effect.

Key findings from Oil 2019

US shale powers global oil market transformation

The incredible growth in US shale, from next to nothing in 2010 to more than 7 mb/d at the start of this year, is transforming global oil markets. 

This is happening because US shale is able to respond to price signals more swiftly than other sources of supply - in fact even more US supply could be on the way if prices rise beyond where they are today.

US gross exports overtake Russia and close in on Saudi Arabia

The ability of the US to turn itself into a major exporter in less than a decade is unprecedented. By 2024, US oil exports will overtake Russia and close in on Saudi Arabia. This brings greater diversity of supply to markets.

Supply growth is supported by several countries

The US is joined by Brazil, Iraq, Norway, the UAE and Guyana as the biggest sources of supply growth.

Iran and Venezuela are forecast to post the deepest losses, though the outlook could change dramatically depending on political factors.

Upstream investment rises for third straight year

Such a strong build up of supply will require substantial investment and for a third consecutive year, upstream investment is set to rise. Following higher than expected spending last year, global upstream capex for oil and gas is set to increase by 4% in 2019.

World oil demand growth eases

World oil demand growth remains solid, although the pace of growth is slowing. China’s growth slows while India’s demand remains robust, and by 2024 we forecast that India’s annual volume growth will equal China’s.

Demand in the Rest of the world growth is dominated by petrochemical projects, mainly in the US, which benefits from cheaper feedstock as a consequence of the shale revolution.

Скачать вложения:
СЛЕДУЮЩИЙ МАТЕРИАЛ РАЗДЕЛА "Аналитика, прогнозы, статистика"

Подпишитесь на наш Нефтегазовый Вестник!
Тысячи руководителей по всему миру уже получают
самую актуальную информацию о нефтегазовой экономике.